Uranian astrology calculator

Air signs work well for some plants, but are generally barren and dry. Sun Lilith-Sun aspects are about developing a healthy ego in terms of the input of the natural wild that exists within the body and world around the person. These people need to learn that trying to control the wild will get them grief while supporting and directing it will teach them to work with it and become more whole.

Moon Lilith-Moon aspects indicate that the emotions are involved in an inner conversation with the uncontrollable natural feminine or wild within the person. This could lead to mood swings and being moody if ungrounded or to living on the full spectrum of emotional possibilities available to a human if grounded. Composite Houses: The Second Quadrant.

Vedic Astrology - Creating Birth Charts / Kundali - Placement of planets in kundali

All three first quadrant houses are largely instinctive. Astrologer Paul Westran has a tested theory about relationships that unfold in this way. The meeting was indicated in your chart and their chart. When a major relationship manifests, it always shows up in both charts.

But how? Arlene Kramer - Advanced Astrology. The Part of Fortune was described in its relation to the house placements and sign placements. Just as with any other zodiacal sensitive point, the Part of Fortune can also be defined in its relationship to other zodiacal elements, such as the planets. Any planet in conjunction with the Part of Fortune will yield an increase in the potency of that planet.

This is the aspect most clearly seen. Love Asteroids. Marguerite Hafeman So much more information and insight on romantic issues can be found by looking at the natal positions of those asteroids most commonly associated with the pursuit of love. Let's take a cruise on down past Venus and Mars, check out how Cupido, Amor, Eros and Psyche can make the dance of love that much more piquant and complex.

Asteroid Cupido: In Greek myth, Cupid is the son of Venus; his job was to "wound" the unwary with his arrows of love; awaken a consuming affection directed towards a particular object of desire. Chiron And Friends - Apollo. It is difficult for me to be too objective about this one because natally I have it in Leo, closely conjunct my Venus, and in mythology Apollo was a Sun god Sun rules Leo , and also a poet and musician Venus rules the arts. Morrison says that this conjunction is one of the reasons I have a "jackrabbitappetite" for whatever I happen to want, accompanied by impatience.

Business Astrology Consult your astrologer for more complex strategies. Principle 1: Mercury Retrograde. Welcome to The Lilith Pages, a new section of my site. I work extensively with the archetype of Lilith via the True Black Moon and asteroid in astrology charts. The new book Lilith: Healing the Wild tells the complete story of my research into and work with this misunderstood and maligned archetype. Four chapters of my book Living Myth are dedicated to how we live the stories of Lilith in our lives here , and I even wrote a natal report all about the True Black Moon, which you can order here.

You can check out the blogging I've done on Lilith here, as well. In short, I've been thinking about and working with Lilith a lot. John Townley's AstroCocktail. I was a student of Charles Jayne, who along with L. The 30th Degree. Compounded by a paper shortage, this single event would probably bring about the collapse of western civilization as we know it.

That people in general are not aware of the fact that they are "pushing" against the cosmos must therefore be the same as saying that these pushing forces are taking place within the individual below the level of waking consciousness; namely in the subcon- scious. For the ancients, astrology was in fact an "occult" science — i.

By definition, that hidden side is the subconscious or unconscious. If these forces are taking place in subconsciousness, we might assume at least for the sake of argument that their physical strength measured perhaps in micro-microvolts across portions of the brain or nervous system is quite small, although their final impact upon the life of the organism is very great, as astrological experience bears out. In a similar fashion, "mere" thoughts held by rulers of nations can shape world destiny.


Future science will of course include astrology and will proba- bly establish the reality of these tiny currents within the body, which correspond to planetary configurations. Greater knowledge in semiconductor electronics will make a successful search possible The Personal Points 25 for these currents or pulsations through reduction by means of advanced manufacturing techniques of random noise produced by current flow within the crystalline substance of transistors. For the present time, one can only suppose that astrological "influences" are nothing of the sort, but rather astrological "inter- actions" between man and cosmos on usually subconscious levels.

Thus light is thrown on the ancient concept of microcosm man mirroring macrocosm cosmos. From all this it can be seen that in astrology as well as in biology, organism and environment constitute a unified field. Astrology asserts that "environment" embraces the planets, stars, and outer space, as well as the immediate physical biosphere in which the organism lives. What is needed now is a "unified field theory" of astrology. But even before that time comes, we can see that the usual talk of "fate versus free will" is as outdated scientifically as it is unsuitable to live with.


Man did not "come into" the world on probation to do battle with the starry universe. Man came out of the world, as Alan Watts puts it in his books on Zen Buddhism, like leaves from a tree. What happens "down here" is just as "cosmic" as what goes on "up there. Modern science tells us the same thing in different ways. Religion calls that source God. In years past, the Christian church has for the most part stood in opposition to the study or practice of astrology.

Opposition by the church against astrology is evidently based philosophically on the typically occidental equation of the individual with his her ego, that part of the self that is the waking, conscious mind. Freud and those who followed him, notably his onetime pupil Carl Jung, have revealed by their work and writings that matters are not so simple. Nevertheless, even today the fmdings of these After all, if a man or woman is "nothing but" an ego imprisoned in a casing of flesh, how can any- one who claims to be sane begin to speak of a unity or continuity between tiny man and his source?

This "nothing but" attitude was, incidentally, typical of nineteenth-century "reductionism", from which philosophy proceeded the concept of an essentially stupid, and rather drab billiard-ball universe. It is understandable that the church could see astrology as a threat if it were in fact true that astrology either supports or rests upon reductionism. The fact of the matter is that astrology rests upon sound philo- sophical principles.

It is a science that is both descriptive and mathematical. And, like anything else touched by human hands, it is imperfect. Religions, too, are subject to the same evolution- ary processes to be found in the history of science. Mythologies are subject to continual transformation also. Ancient mythology, the basis of ancient religion, is strongly astrological, and the signs of the zodiac are obviously mythological.

Planets were understood as being identified with gods of the same name. These three factors speak to external levels of manifestation, and therefore to the relationship in the largest sense of the native to the universe which surrounds him her. The Meridian, Moon and Sun are temporal concepts. These three factors speak to levels of consciousness within the individual. Thus, the six personal points taken together embrace both space and time on three distinct levels. It is particularly convenient in the practice of predictive astrol- ogy when using the current or up-to-the-moment positions of the planets, namely the so-called transiting planets chapter eleven , to regard M, Moon and Sun in terms of particular intervals of time.

The Midheaven is associated with the minute. Due to the rota- tion of the earth upon its axis, the position of M changes approxi- mately one degree in four minutes' time. The Personal Points 27 When studying-an event whose time is known quite accurately, a Uranian astrologer will "zoom in" on the minute when the event transpired by figuring M for that time. The "event" could be birth itself, or any occurrence during the lifetime of the native. If the event under study is birth, we are dealing with a birth- chart and we say that the position therein of M, A or of any other factor is the natal, radical, radix or birth position.

These last four terms are interchangeable. Thus "radical M" is written Mr. Radix A is written Ar; and so on. The term factor is used in astrology as referring to any planet or personal point in a horoscope. There are twenty-two factors or elements in Uranian astrology. This relatively large number of factors should not scare off the beginner or anyone else for that matter , for the application of the Uranian method proceeds in logical and straightforward ways, as will become clear. We hope. Non-Uranian Western systems of astrology usually employ no more than 13 factors. Hindu astrology, by ignoring for the most part Uranus, Neptune and Pluto, typically employs ten factors.

The Moon is associated with the hour. In one hour she moves, on the average, a little over a half degree. The transiting Moon is like an hour hand, while the transiting meridian is like a minute hand. The Sun is associated with the day.

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He moves, on the average, one degree in one day in point of fact, a little less; there are days in a year, but only degrees in a circle. The transiting Sun indicates the date. Astute readers will take note of the fact that the one degree motions of M, Moon and Sun do not exactly correspond to one minute, one hour and one day respectively. This inexactitude is tolerable because these time concepts are to be taken in a relative, and not precise, way.

The task of the astrologer is to decipher this inscription. During delineation, the astrologer combines knowledge of the basic factors of astrology with certain as it were grammatical rules that make comprehensible the interworkings among factors and permit therefore meaningful statements to be made in human language regarding the person, situation or event for which the horoscope is drawn. Learning astrology is like learning a foreign language.

A basic vocabulary is built up through memorization and association. Then the student is taught how to read and speak by combining together the words that have been learned into utterances that are in keeping with grammatical usage. The basic vocabulary of Uranian astrology consists of the six personal points and sixteen planets Sun and MOon are not really planets.

Eight of these planets exist hypothetically beyond the orbit of Neptune and are therefore called transneptunian planets. These planets so called were discovered astrologically by Alfred Witte and Friedrich Sieggruen in this century. They have subse- quently been verified in thousands of horoscopes by students of the Uranian system all over the world. Ephemerides for these eight planets are available. Words from the Uranian vocabulary are combined together "grammatically" in ways that correspond to the arrangement found among planets in the inscription that is the horoscope chart.

The tablet upon which the inscription is written is the ecliptic. The Planets 31 30 The Language of Uranian Astrology The factors of Uranian astrology are arranged with respect to each other in different ways in different horoscopes, because dif- ferent planets move at different rates. A particular arrangement of -planets corresponds to a particular set of meaningful statements.

Each horoscope is unique. The arrangement of words that any language uses to convey meaning is described by the grammar of that language. The gram- mar of the language of astrology is geometrical. That is to say, statements derived from a horoscope depend upon zodiacal con- figurations among astrological factors. These configurations are geometrical in nature. Particular configurations among planets found in the cosmic inscription that is the horoscope are under- stood and evaluated by means of this geometrical grammar.

Application of the rules of geometrical grammar to horoscopes makes delineation possible. The words which are the planets and personal points are therefore strung together or read off, as it were, by the astrologer according to certain rules. With familiarity and practice, the student will be able to translate the cosmic language into human language with increasing facility. Memorization and drill are necessary to the student of any new language. The first time around, word learning especially has to be completely by rote. Being new to the Uranian language, the beginning astrology student at the outset simply memorizes the keyword vocabulary meanings of the planets.

To each planet is attributed a particular set of keywords. The keywords which comprise the vocabulary set associated with a particular planet are like definitions under a particular heading in a dictionary. The skill of the astrologer comes in especially during the process of selecting, from within a keyword set, suitable keywords that apply to a particular series of planets which form a particular con- figuration, or "sentence:" Astrological configurations are defined by astrological "axes" in the horoscope chart.

Axes and con- figurations will be dealt with as such in detail in chapter six. Selecting keywords which adequately describe a configuration in human language is not so much a process of determining which keywords are "true" or "false" in a particular instance for they are all true simultaneously , but rather of choosing which ones will make up sentences that are coherent and understandable, which flow and have rhythm.

Proficiency with astrological keywords comes by doing. Herein lies the art of astrology, for astrology is both art and science. Translation from one language to another still remains something of an art at the present time, more in the province of the poet than in the sphere of the scientist. There are, however, many different systems of geometrical grammar, of which the Uranian system is but one. Differences among astrological schools of thought center pri- marily on matters of grammar and not, to any considerable extent, on matters of vocabulary.

This is to say that the various schools differ from each other, for the most part, on what amounts to technical grounds: that is, they differ in terms of mathematical technique. Although only a relatively few non-Uranian astrologers use the positions of the transneptunian planets sometimes known as TNPs , any school of astrology can as a matter of fact include them in horoscopes, if desired. The coherency of the results will, of course, be in proportion to the coherency of the system itself. Any astrological system that already works as a viable grammar can, in other words, put the TNPs to use profitably.

The workability of the Uranian system itself does not hinge upon the inclusion of what critics may, for whatever reasons, choose to call nonexistent quantities. The eight additional planets give additional information because they enlarge the Uranian vo- cabulary. The Planets The Language of Uranian Astrology tion of life forms within a particular sphere of reference.

As a science, its fundamental hypothesis is that what goes on "up there" is in correspondence with what goes on "down here. As above, so below. One conclusion that may be drawn from this hypothesis is that all manifestation may be approximately described by algebraic operations on a finite set of universal quantities, called planets, The truth of this conclusion can be verified in practice by means of comparing anticipated results as derived from astrological theory with actual facts.

In such a manner does astrology follow the scientific method. The beginner should not feel inadequate if he or she is not familiar with algebra, though it would help matters if he were. The only form of algebra needed for Uranian astrology amounts to simple arithmetic using letter symbols M, A, etc. This form of arithmetic for that is all it really is is called "first degree algebra. Simple algebra is especially useful in the more advanced phases of Uranian astrology that will be discussed in the last few chapters of this book.

The initially strange and unfamiliar marks and numbers on paper that confront the beginning student during those first days of unbridled enthusiasm eventually, and even joyfully, give way, af- ter much hard work and midnight oil, to living symbols and organic quantities whose significance and meaning virtually leap from the page on which the chart is drawn, and with sometimes astonishing clarity. Sometimes, too, it all makes sense.

Such a level of personal and emotional satisfaction is, however, available only to those who at the very beginning take the trouble to familiarize themselves thoroughly with astrological keywords. The student can hereby consider himself reprimanded in advance, just in case he or she should ever chance to fall into the unfor- tunate error of assuming that horoscopes can be delineated in parrot-like fashion by reference to any book, including this one.

It is perhaps these very moments of insight and clarity, which eventually come with time and abundant doses of cold water in the face, that are, in the final analysis, of truly lasting importance to the student. If justification of any science, including astrology, is ever necessary, it surely lies in triggering within us these "peak experiences" of heightened awareness and emotional freedom. Those readers temperamentally inclined to meditative pursuits cannot fail in addition to find pleasure, through astrology, in the realization that the material and abstract worlds are but two sides of the same coin, and that the boundary between them continu- ally eludes definition.

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Apart from personal satisfaction gained on a scientific or technical level, the student astrologer cannot fail to be impressed emotion- ally as well by the conclusions that follow from diligent study and dedicated practice. In the following section of this chapter, keyword meanings are given for all twenty-two factors in Uranian astrology: first, by way of review and condensation, the keywords of the six personal points; followed by the keywords of the sixteen planets. Personal characteristics. The ego, the "I", the individuality. The soul. Personal experiences.

The minute transiting M. The moment. Sur- roundings. The "Thou. Face-to-face situations. The street. Out in the open. Terrestrial influences. The many un- familiar people who pass through one's life, who come and go but remain unknown. More or less impersonal relationships with people. Close connections. Bonds, ties. Channels, avenues and pathways of relationship. Wire, cable, thread. The link between the immediate environment A and the outside, impersonal world Aries. Life force, vitality. Individuation, drive for personal significance, self- realization. The physical, the objective.

Dynamic action. The male body, the masculine world. Male persons. The day. The heart. Confidence, ambition, self-assurance. Egotism, self-centeredness, domination. Responsiveness, receptivity, caring. Nurturing of the life force through instinctive rhythms and psychological processes. Emotion, feeling, subjective experience. Disposition, temperament. The female body, the feminine world. The public. The hour. Mental processes. Function: Comprehension, adaptation, adjustment. Expression: Language, speech, movement, sound.

Manifestation: Writings, books, newspapers, transportation systems, youth. Physiological Inner ear, fingers, tongue, correspondence: limbs generally, bronchi, lungs, cerebrospinal nervous system, vocal cords. Physiological correspondence: Positive qualities: Negative qualities: Stomach. Functioning of the brain. Glandular secretions. Bodily fluids.

Internal female reproductive system. Sustaining, sheltering and protective influences. Moodiness, fickleness, indecisiveness, sentimentality, faintheartedness. Craftiness, double-dealing, thievery, sophistry, restlessness, unreliability. Pleasure, harmony, reconciliation, peace. Emotional evaluation, enjoyment, attraction. Love, affection, desire, intimacy, appreciation.

Romance, art, beautiful things, jewelry, cosmetics. Sense of touch, taste buds, kidneys, veins, external female genitals, fatty tissue, lips, cheeks, hair. Warmth, kindness, graciousness, charm, sympathy, cheerfulness, gentleness, fertility, beauty. Self-indulgence, cravings and addictions, laziness, excess timidity or shyness, vanity, dishevelment. Self-assertion, motivation, survival. Action, initiative, encounter, adventure, combat, challenge, competition.

Work, tools, sharp instruments, weapons, heat, iron, sports. Muscles, nose, external male genitals, blood, bladder, adrenals, gall bladder.

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Forthrightness, daring, courage, passion, drive, ambition, decisiveness, virility. Cruelty, aggression, strife, lust, ruthlessness, inflamma- tion, willfulness, anger, bloodshed, violence. Expansion, augmentation, benefit, growth. Personal compensation and fulfillment; social accommoda- tion and participation. Success, good fortune, abundance, happiness. Riches, wealth, money, worldly goods. The liver, the arteries. Optimism, generosity, affirmation, approbation, benevolence, joviality, acceptance, philanthropy, forgiveness. Excess, extravagance, opportunism, materialism, wastefulness, pretension, gluttony, paternalism.

Regulation, structure, stability, and reality. Conservation of substance through discipline and self- control. Formation of personal identity and material values. Development of a sense of lasting worth. Preservation of life. Responsibility, duty, self- reliance, solitude, hard work. Land, fences, walls, refrigeration systems, clocks, timetables, schedules, appointments, routines.

The elderly. On the surface of the earth. Skin, bones, teeth, nails, the aging process. Inhibition, obstruction, cold- ness, severity, asceticism, untoward difficulty, alienation, guilt, anxiety, failure, loneliness, poverty and denial, sadness, pessimism, stubbornness, contrariness, fixity in old ways. Innovation, modification, variation. Improvisation, experimentation, spontaneity, suddenness. Backwards, inside out, upside down. Excitement, unrest, revolution, agitation, shock, surprise, astonishment. Sudden change. Technology, electricity, conductivity, ionization, refraction, oscillation, wave motion, vibration.

Fads, Autonomic nervous system. Brain and nerve impulses. Ingenuity, insight, awareness. Uninhibited departure from the conventional. Eccentric- ity, novelty. Irresponsibility, unpredicta- bility, recklessness, rebellion, thrill-seeking, capriciousness. Inspiration, vision, image- formation. Fantasy, mythology, mysticism. The exotic, the mysterious, the invisible, the unknown. Dreaming, sleep, trance.

Romanticism, psychism, poetry. Electromagnetism, radiation. Fluids, gas, water, vapor, fog, mirage. Alcohol, nicotene, drugs, poison. The future. Mesmerism, hypnotism. Medium of wave motion. The solar plexus. Enzyme activity. Gimmicks, gadgets, inventions. Physiological correspondence: Talent for poetry and fiction. Illusion, confusion, uncer- tainty, deception, vagueness, susceptibility, weakness, dissolution, drunkenness, fraudulence, superstition, hallucination, impracticality, dishonesty, intrigue, untruth, negligence.

Transformation, process, unfoldment, metamorphosis, growth. Renewal, reorganization, purgation, readjustment espec- ially of the psyche. Deep subconscious forces, collective unconscious. Crisis, upheaval, change, cataclysm, beginnings and endings. Mass movements. Internal reproductive system, urethra, perineum. Regeneration, rejuvenation, transmutation, revelation, resolution, transcendence. Disorientation, uprootedness, neurosis, psychosis, obsession, tyranny, institutionalized violence, fanaticism, mass hysteria.

Union, coordination, synthesis. Society, marriage, creativity in the arts. The family, the community, corporations, clubs and other social groupings. Works of art. Hereditary factors, internal organs taken as a whole. Participation in the whole. Harmonious composition of parts. Clannishness, cliqueishness, exclusivity.

Preservation of life through manifesting feelings of disgust and revulsion concerning evil, sinister or disagreeable influ- ences, thereby prompting the Negative qualities: Leadership, creation, procreation. Purposeful activity, directed energy, controlled power. Fire, machinery, guns, fuel, explosives, mechanical energy, industrialization. Production targets, five-year plans, and so on. Physiological correspondence: Positive qualities: Negative qualities: The physiological correspon- dences to Zeus and to the remaining transneptunian planets are not yet firmly.

Achievement, application, invention, productivity, performance, positive goal orientation. Overweening ambition, overconfidence, egotism. Shows therefore the need for purification. The distant past. The seamy side of life. Garbage, junk, filth, refuse, excrement, sewers, drains, city dump. Stagnant pools, swamps, bogs, quicksand. Manifestations underground, under the earth contrast Saturn and Admetos. Organic fertilizer, compost heap. Worms, grubs, moles, scavengers, insect pests and the like. Helpful bacteria found in the intestines.

Lower intestines. Regurgitation mechanism. Decomposition of effete matter. Necessary comple- tion of the life cycle. Connection with the mental process of analysis whereby phenomena are "broken down" into component parts for study. Impoverishment, degradation, distress, neglect, defect, disfigurement, danger, evil, sorrow, breakdown, loss, predatory behavior. Expression: Manifestation: Physiological correspondence. Positive qualities: Negative qualities: Comment: Earlier materials of the Hamburg School also give the attribution of "widows" and "lonely women" to Hades.

This to present day students somewhat bizarre attribution must be understood in light of the times when these earlier astrological materials were written. Hades was discovered by Witte shortly after the onset of World War I, when the sorrow that Hades often indicates as, for example, in the German national horoscope or in world charts for those years took the form of large scale kill- ing off of significant portions of the European male population on the battlefield.

It was also true then and evidently more so than now that the lot of widows, and older unmarried women generally who were without families of their own was not a for- tunate one. Rulership, authority, position, advantage. Negative qualities: Overlooking the obvious and immediate: seeing the forest but not the trees which comprise it. Princely hierarchies. Positive Greatness, ability, superiority, qualities: head and shoulders above, excellence. Negative Elitism. Function: Expansiveness, enlargement of outlook.

Cross-cultural exchange. Expression: Breadth of experience. Oppor- tunity. Large quantity of anything just what, being revealed by configurations to Apollo. Great distance. Manifestation: Higher education, learning, science, commerce, trade, and all peaceful enterprises. Positive A greater perspective, a wider qualities: horizon. Success, fame. Far-reaching perception.

Function: Foundation, basis, focus. To mark time. Expression: Cyclical process, rotation, circulation. Primeval origins. Condensation, compression, density, depth both literally and figuratively: a deep mine shaft; a deep thinker. End, finish, standstill. Manifestation: Nucleus, core. Bounded or repetitive motion as of a piston.

Raw materials, ores, minerals, crystals, rock Deep within the earth, subterranean. Positive Durability, solidity, stability, qualities: permanence. On solid ground. Concentration, specialization. Restriction, limitation, definition.

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Negative Stoppage, hindrance, obstruc- qualities: tion, difficulty, death. Not seeing the forest for the trees. Energy reserve. Sustained force or activity. Great strength physically, mentally, mechanically, and so on. Potential energy. Power plant. Intensity of purpose or activity. Understanding and enlightenment. Truth, idea. Philosophy and wisdom. Highest wisdom. The Aries Point does not have to be calculated, since its value is always zero degrees in all charts that employ the tropical zodiac reference frame.

For purposes of Uranian astrology, it matters little which tables are used. M is usually given at the top of each page; it may be named X or 10, referring to the practice, by some astrological schools, of tak- ing M equal to the 10th house cusp. A may be found under the latitude of birth on the same page. A may be identified as I or 1, referring to the practice, by some schools, of taking A equal to the 1st house cusp. Cusps will be discussed later in this chapter. With each M in the table of houses will be found a corresponding value of hours, minutes, and seconds.

Some authors refer to RAMC as the "calculated sidereal time. Sidereal Time abbreviated ST is a way of expressing the average or mean position of the Earth in Sidereal time is taken as zero hours at around noon GMT on the day of the vernal equinox, March of each year, when the Sun is at or very close to zero Aries.

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  7. Noon GMT on the day of the autumnal equinox, when the Sun is at or very close to zero Libra, defines 12 hours sidereal time. These assignments of ST to the equinoxes are mathematical con- veniences which allow us to compute RAMC for a specific date, time and place. Sidereal time is given in the ephemeris for each day. Sidereal time is measured in hours, minutes and seconds. By definition, one year equals twenty-four hours of sidereal time. One day is very nearly equal to an interval of four minutes sidereal time. Consequently, successive daily entries in the ephemeris under the ST column vary by this approximately four minute figure.

    Sider- eal time always increases in value, and more or less uniformly, day to day. German ephemerides indicate ST by "Sternzeit. An ephemeris whose positions are given for midnight Oh is called a Midnight Ephemeris. A midnight ephemeris will give the same results as a noon ephemeris of com- parable accuracy. Slightly different procedures are used with each type of ephemeris. A noon ephemeris will give a ST of approximately 0 hours on the day of the vernal equinox; and a ST of approximately 12 hours on the day of autumnal equinox.

    A midnight ephemeris will give a ST of approximately 12 hours on the day of the vernal equinox; and a ST of approximately 0 hours on the day of the autumnal equinox. An RAMC figured on the basis of a specific date, time and place with a noon ephemeris will be identical to that figured with a midnight ephemeris. The planetary positions that result will also Calculation of the Horoscope 51 be the same no matter which type of ephemeris is employed. These statements hold true, however, only if correct procedures are used with each type of ephemeris.

    These procedures will be discussed in later sections of this chapter. Consequently, it does not matter whether a noon or midnight ephemeris is used, as long as the student keeps in mind which he or she is using at the mo- ment. The student cannot consider himself proficient in astrologi- cal calculations unless both types of ephemerides can be put to use with equal skill. It is essential therefore to know what time zone a birth time is recorded in.

    Converting from standard time to GMT is a simple matter of adding or subtracting an integral number of hours to the birthtime. How many hours are to be added or subtracted depends upon the time zone in which the birthplace is located; and upon whether standard or daylight saving time was in effect at birth. War time is equivalent to daylight saving time. When daylight saving time is in effect, clocks are moved ahead by one hour. Some wartime coun- tries used double summer daylight time.

    For daylight saving time, subtract one hour from these figures. Thus, noon EST equals p. GMT; and p. GMT on the following day. Remember: western longitudes are behind Greenwich; eastern longitudes are ahead of Greenwich. It is for this reason that western longitudes are considered negative The Maritime time zone, used in the extreme eastern provinces of Canada, is one-half hour ahead of Eastern time.

    For example, p. CST GMT Since one always works with GMT in calculating both RAMC and planetary values, this phenomenon of date shift is very important to keep in mind. In the case discussed in the preceding paragraph, where the birth date must be advanced one day, for purposes of calculation, confusion can be entirely avoided by remembering that both date and time of birth must always be converted to their Greenwich equivalents before proceeding further.

    In this preceding example, if a midnight ephemeris were em- ployed, the ST for the 11th, and not the 10th would have to be used. The reason for this procedure, in this case, lies in the fact that the immediately preceding midnight GMT occurred on the 1 1 th, and not the 10th. If, however, a noon ephemeris were employed, then the ST for the 10th, and not the 11th, would have to be used. And the reason for this procedure, in this case, lies in the fact that the immediately preceding noon GMT occurred on the 10th, and not the 11th.

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    Calculation of the Horoscope 53 In the case of a midnight ephemeris, the GMT interval is equal to the number of hours, minutes and seconds elapsed since the immediately preceding midnight GMT. In the preceding example, the INT for a midnight ephemeris is equal to 5h. To find the GMT interval in connection with either a noon or midnight ephemeris, one must always start with the birth time converted to GMT. INT never exceeds 24 hours. This advancing motion amounts to ten seconds per hour, as the student may prove for himself by dividing four minutes by 24 hours.

    The correction is always addi- tive. It may be found by dividing the GMT interval by six. The result gives the correction in minutes and seconds. The correction can never exceed four minutes' time. It is abbreviated COR. Knowing the GMT equivalents of date and time enables the student first of all to determine exactly which ST entry in the ephemeris is to be used in the calculation of RAMC; and secondly, to determine which two dates are to be used in the interpolation of planetary values with the GMT interval which applies to the ephemeris on hand, whether noon or midnight.

    Interpolation of planetary values will be discussed later in this chapter. One additional preliminary calculation is necessary before the RAMC can be determined. This calculation establishes the time equivalent of the longitude of birth. Reasons for this standardization are entirely practical: such standardized ephemerides are in use worldwide by astronomers, astrologers and navigators. The computation of LTE permits the astrologer to convert back once again to local coordinates. LTE expresses the longitude east or west of Greenwich in terms of the time difference between a hypothetical Greenwich "sundial" and a birthplace "sundial.

    This rotation is easily visualized with the aid of a globe. Due to the rotation of the earth, calculated sidereal time is dif- ferent at different meridians.

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    The rotation of the earth is measured along the equator in degrees of right ascension. While ephemerides show ST increasing approximately four minutes for every twenty- four hours, in reality sidereal time moves 24 hours plus four min- utes, due to the earth's rotation. Right ascension is also measurable in hours, minutes and seconds.

    The LTE term of the formula compensates, in other words, for the longitudinal elongation between the birthplace meridian and the Greenwich meridian. The result that follows is expressed in hours, minutes, and seconds. This is the LTE value. LTE has a positive additive value for eastern longitudes, and a negative subtractive value for western longitudes. The special case of southern geographic latitudes will be taken up further on in this chapter.

    LTE is positive for eastern longitudes and negative for western longitudes. Remember: adding a positive number is adding; adding a negative number is subtracting. Eastern time zone: minus 5 hour difference to GMT. GMT Midnight ephemeris: an interval of 7h0Om has elapsed since the immediately preceding Greenwich midnight. Obtain longitude from an atlas. Use an electronic calculator to perform the calculations in example 2. This example is optional. The above numbers show the mathematical reasoning behind the use of an electronic calculator in connection with astrological sexagesimal notation.